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Exhibitions

Shishkin, Ivan Ivanovich

18321898


Painter, landscape painter. An outstanding engraver, drawer, he also produced etchings and lithographs. Born to a family of merchants. From 1853-1856 he studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture under K.I.Rabus and A.N.Mokritsky, then at the Academy of Arts (1856-1860) under S.M.Vorobyov. In 1857 Shishkin was awarded two small silver medals, and a year later a large silver medal for drawings and eight painted studies produced on the island of Valaam. In 1860 he was awarded the large gold medal for two landscapes under the common title of "Kukko Region". From 1862-1865 he worked in Germany and Switzerland on a pension (scholarship) from the Academy of Arts. In 1865 he was given the title of Academician for his painting entitled "View near Dusseldorf" (1865). From 1873 Shishkin was a professor at the Academy of Arts. In 1894-1895 he was in charge of the landscape studio at the Higher Art School at the Academy of Arts. A founding member of the STAE. Full member of the Academy of Arts from 1893. I.I.Shishkin, an outstanding Russian painter, revealed the characteristic features of the national landscape. His works combined meticulous detail with the large-scale and an epic method in the depiction of nature. In his early work as a student, he had an interest in everyday motives in landscape painting. Later, when he worked in Germany near the Teutoburg forest (Dusseldorf) he won the respect of local artists with quill drawings, which were characterized by their careful performance and meticulous detail. In the 1860s he gradually overcame fragmentation in his painting method, striving for the ultimate honesty in the depiction of nature. The most important feature in Shishkins art was the attempt to embody the national uniqueness of Russian nature. "My motto? Be Russian. Long live Russia!", the artist wrote. His best works of this period reveal the beauty, splendour and vastness of the Russian plains. ("Noon. Near Moscow", 1869). The method and features he found during this period were later fully developed in the famous painting entitled Rye (1878), which became a symbol for Russian nature. An analytical approach to the depiction of nature, epic scale in wide sweeping canvases helped the artist to become, as I.N. Kramskoy put it, "a milestone in the development of the Russian landscape painting, a man of his time", (The Pine Tree, 1890). Nevertheless, many experts who have studied Shishkins work have noticed in his paintings, a certain absence of emotion or any interest in plein air achievments. The different opinions regarding Shiskins creative heritage cannot diminish his service to the cause of Russian art. He was undoubtedly a great master of landscape painting and a "Russian, national artist" (V.V.Stasov)
View in the Environs of Dusseldorf

1864-1865
Oil on canvas
37 x 52,8
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Path through the Rye

1866
Oil on canvas
27 x 71
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Felling Trees

1867
Oil on canvas
122 x 194
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Thicket in the Woods

1867
Oil on canvas
93,5 x 81,5
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Midday. In the Environs of Moscow

1869
Oil on canvas
111,2 x 80,4
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Pine Wood. Ships Timber in Vyatka Province

1872
oil on canvas
117 x 165
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Oak Copse on a Grey Day

1873
Oil on canvas
33,5 x 57,4
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Rye

1878
oil on canvas
107 x 187
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Fly Agaric

1878-1879
Oil on canvas mounted on cardboard
12,8 x 19,6
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Footpath in the Mountains. The Crimea

1879
Oil on paper mounted on cardboard
29,7 x 39,4
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

The Approach of Autumn

1880
Oil on canvas
52,2 x 38
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Thickets

1881
Oil on canvas
142 x 93
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Apiary

1882
Oil on canvas
63,2 x 46
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

The Forest Horizons

1884
oil on canvas
112,8 164
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Corner of an Overgrown Garden. Goutweed

1884
Oil on canvas
54,3 x 41,7
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Pines in Sunlight

1886
Oil on canvas
102 x 70,2
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Small Oak Trees

1886
Oil on canvas
37,5 x 62
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Along the Seashore

1889
Oil on paper mounted on cardboard
36,5 x 66
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Morning in a Pine Wood

1889
oil on canvas
139 213
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Fir Wood

1889-1890
Oil on canvas
55 x 40
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Bark on a Dry Trunk

1889-1890
Oil on cardboard
26,1 x 17,9
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Rotten Tree Covered with Moss

1890
Oil on canvas
21,7 x 33,3
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Road

1890s
Oil on canvas
14,2 x 35,8
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Wood Covered in Hoar-Frost

1890s
Oil on canvas mounted on cardboard
13,2 x 21,2
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Oaks in Sunlight

1890s
Oil on canvas mounted on cardboard
22 x 28,5
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Countess Mordvinova's Wood. Peterhof

1891
Oil on canvas
84 x 110,5
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Rain in the Oak Wood

1891
Oil on canvas
124 x 203
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Flowers at the Edge of a Wood

1892-1893
Oil on canvas
41,5 x 66,5
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

Stream in the Wood

1895
Oil on paper mounted on cardboard
18 x 35
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25

In the Park

1897
Oil on canvas
82,7 x 110,4
at 10, Lavrushinsky Lane, Hall 25