History

The New Tretyakov Gallery
1985

The history of the building on Krymsky Val became a kind of reflection of the country's history: on the bank of the Moscow River near the Krymsky bridge there could be a lot of different structures, depending on the request of the time. Initially, in the 1920s, it was planned to place here a part of an agricultural exhibition; in the 1930s there could be a Palace of Art. Nevertheless, in 1936 the Academy of Sciences of the USSR moved from Leningrad to Moscow, so that raised a question about a construction of the huge scientific - organisational centre, that would emphasize an importance of this Academy. Because of that, it was decided to carry out an architectural contest, where Soviet architectures also took part. The best recognized project was by A. Shchusev. In 1938, according to the personal will and order of I.V.Stalin, it was decided as a result to erect this building for the Academy of Sciences of the USSR straight near to Krymsky bridge, which is close to the centre of the city. The construction began in 1939, but was suspended during the Second World War, and then withdrawn to the Sparrow Hills.

In the early 1950s, academician of the architecture I.V.Zholtovsky made an offer to build here a new House of Unions. In December 1956, in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Tretyakov Gallery, there was made a decision to build a new museum building, where all gallery's collections were supposed to be transferred. The place of construction, that is located not far from the house in Golutvin, where by the way the founder of the Gallery Pavel Tretyakov in 1832 was born, seemed the most successful. But in 1959, by a government decision, the projected building was assigned to the newly created State Picture Gallery of the USSR. A new project, executed in the studio of I.V.Zholtovsky (architects Y.N.Sheverdyaev, N.P.Sukoyan and others), was approved in 1964. The construction begun in 1965 and turned into a typical Soviet long-term process, as it was finally completed only in 1983.

The building, planed as an extension of the ensemble of the Neskuchny Garden and the Gorky Central Park of Culture and Leisure in the direction of the Kremlin, must have been a large park pavilion, focused on the embankment of the Moscow River. Gigantic exhibition areas, several extended suites, large halls, that provide opportunities for various spatial transformations, a unit passage for the lobby and stair flights, huge windows, that give us an opportunity to enjoy spectacular panoramas to the Kremlin, the Moscow River and the park - these are all exposition possibilities, where some of them exist.

The integration of the State Tretyakov Gallery and the State Picture Gallery of the USSR, the closure of the main building of the Tretyakov Gallery in Lavrushinsky Lane for almost a decade made the building on the Krumsky Val the only exhibition area of the museum. The main exposition in it presented to the audience a wide collection of the creative heritage of Russian artists, who worked in the 1920-1960s. In addition, intense exhibition activity was developed in the halls.

Nowadays the New Tretyakov Gallery on Krymsky Val functions as a space for the contemporary art of 20th century, where various exhibitions, master - classes with famous contemporary artist, lectures, concerts, conferences and other original projects are held.

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